Papanicolaou, George Nicolas

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
[br]
b. 13 May 1883 Kimi, Greece
d. 19 February 1962 Miami, Florida, USA
[br]
Greek physician and pathological anatomist, developer of the Papanicolaou cytological smear test (Pap test).
[br]
Of a medical family, he graduated at Athens in 1904. After postgraduate study at Jena, Freiburg and Munich, he returned to Greece and turned to an academic career. After a year at the Oceanographie Institute at Monaco and a period in Paris, he again returned to Greece and in 1911 served in the army in the Balkan War.
In 1913 he emigrated to the United States and was appointed to the pathology department of New York Hospital and Cornell Medical College. He became Emeritus Professor of Clinical Anatomy at Cornell in 1951. In 1961 he moved to Florida to head the Miami Cancer Institute, but he died shortly thereafter.
Almost all his research was devoted to the physiology of reproduction and exfoliative cyto-logy, and from his studies in 1917 on vaginal discharge in animals he developed his human studies culminating in cancer diagnostic tests, which after some early scepticism soon gained wide acceptance as a routine screening technique. There are laboratories at both Cornell and Miami that are named after him.
[br]
Bibliography
1943, with H.Traut, Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer by the Vaginal Smear, New York. 1954, Atlas of Exfoliative Cytology, Cambridge, Mass.
Further Reading
D.E.Carmichael, 1973, The Pap Smear: Life of George N.Papanicolaou, Springfield, 111.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • George Nicolas Papanicolaou — (griechisch Γεώργιος Παπανικολάου; * 13. Mai 1883 in Kymi, Euböa, Griechenland; † 19. Februar 1962 in New Jersey, USA) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Papanicolaou — Papanicolaou, oft auch Papanikolaou steht für: Pap Test, eine Methode zur Früherkennung des Gebärmutterhalskrebses Papanicolaou Färbung, eine zytodiagnostische Spezialfärbung von Zellausstrichen zur Erkennung von Krebszellen Außerdem ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Papanicolaou — ist der Name folgender Personen: George Papanicolaou (Mathematiker) (* 1943), griechisch US amerikanischer Mathematiker George Nicolas Papanicolaou (1883–1962), griechischer Arzt und Pathologe Diese Seite ist eine Begri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Papanicolaou, frotis de — Muestra de células de la vagina y del cuello del útero para teñirla y examinarla en el laboratorio en busca de herpes y cáncer genital en una etapa precoz. Desarrollada por George Nicolas Papanicolaou, médico estadounidense nacido en Grecia, (n.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Papanicolaou stain test (smear) — Pap·a·nic·o·laou stain, test (smear) (pap″ə nikґo la oo) [George Nicolas Papanicolaou, Greek physician and anatomist in the United States, 1883–1962] see under test and see Stains and Staining Methods, under stain …   Medical dictionary

  • Georgios Papanikolaou — Büste von George Nicolas Papanicolaou in Kolonos, Athen George Nicolas Papanicolaou (griechisch Γεώργιος Παπανικολάου; * 13. Mai 1883 in Kymi, Euböa, Griechenland; † 19. Februar 1962) war ein griechische …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Pan–Par — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kollumkarzinom — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 C53 Bösartige Neubildung der Cervix uteri C53.0 Endozervix C53.1 Ektozervix …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 19. Feber — Der 19. Februar ist der 50. Tag des Gregorianischen Kalenders, somit verbleiben 315 (in Schaltjahren 316) Tage bis zum Jahresende. Historische Jahrestage Januar · Februar · März 1 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cervix-Karzinom — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 C53 Bösartige Neubildung der Cervix uteri C53.0 Endozervix C53.1 Ektozervix …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.